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Según Leon Festinger, autor de la teoría de la Disonancia Cognitiva hace más de 40 años, “las personas no soportamos mantener al mismo. Disonancia cognitiva y percepción. Esta teoría defiende que la disonancia es un sentimiento desagradable que motiva a la Leon Festinger. Transcript of Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger Esta teoría trata de predecir los cambios que ocurrirán en las actitudes de.

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Leon Festinger

For example, liking was simply a function of reward according to behaviorism, so greater reward would produce greater liking; Festinger and Carlsmith’s experiment clearly demonstrated greater liking with lower reward, a result that required the acknowledgement of cognitive processes. The team showed that the formation of ties was predicted by propinquitythe physical proximity between where students lived, and not just by similar tastes or beliefs as conventional wisdom assumed.

The lower-floor residents near the stairs are more likely than their lower-floor neighbors to befriend those living on the upper floor. Y cuando nuestra mente trata de darle un sentido a todas las acciones e ideas de nuestra vida, entonces es cuando nos inventamos justificaciones absurdas.

Among people who felt the shock but sustained no damage from the earthquake, rumors were widely circulated and accepted about even worse disasters to come.

In his paper, Festinger again systematically set forth a series of hypotheses, corollaries, and derivations, and he cited existing experimental evidence where available.

Although the proximity effect or propinquity was an important direct finding from the study, Festinger and his collaborators also noticed correlations between the degree of friendship within a group of residents and the similarity of opinions within the group, [27] thus raising unexpected questions regarding communication within social groups and the development of group standards of attitudes and behaviors. As Festinger himself recalls, “the years at M.

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Many of the group members quit their jobs and disposed of their possessions in preparation for the apocalypse.

A veces hasta por vestirse de tal o cual manera hay que justificarse. De acuerdo contigo, un estudio puede poner en duda o confirmar los estudios realizados anteriormente.

Teoria della dissonanza cognitiva

In his paper, Festinger postulated that one of the major pressures to communicate arises from uniformity within a group, which in turn arises from two lwon He decided not restinger pursue treatment, and died on February 11, Festinger labeled communications arising from such pressures toward uniformity as “instrumental communication” in that the communication is not an end in itself but a means to reduce discrepancies between the communicator and others in the group.

They also found that functional distance predicted social ties as well.

Festinger also later described the increased conviction and proselytizing by cult members after disconfirmation as a specific instantiation of cognitive dissonance i. History Philosophy Portal Psychologist. Views Read Edit View history. Although seemingly counter-intuitive that people would choose to believe “fear-provoking” rumors, Festinger reasoned that these rumors were actually “fear-justifying. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. His father, an embroidery manufacturer, had “left Russia a radical and atheist and remained faithful to these views throughout his life.

Festinger’s influential social comparison theory can be viewed as an extension of his prior theory related to the reliance on social reality for evaluating attitudes and opinions to the realm of abilities. To use Festinger’s example, a chess novice does not compare his chess abilities to those of recognized chess masters, [47] nor does a college student compare his intellectual abilities to those of a toddler. Review of General Psychology.

Teroria de la Disonancia Cognitiva de Leon Festinger by carla parra on Prezi

Festinger and James M. Festinger and his co-authors concluded that the following conditions lead to increased conviction in beliefs following disconfirmation:.

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Rather than abandoning their discredited beliefs, group members adhered to them even more strongly and began proselytizing with fervor.

Social comparison theory and cognitive dissonance have been described by other psychologists as “the two most fruitful theories in social psychology. Con el tiempo voy tomando las riendas de mi destino y me hago responsable de las cosas que provoco o no con mis actitudes y aprendo a valorarme y a fe a las personas tal cual son.

Despite such recognition, Festinger left the field of social psychology inattributing his decision to “a conviction that had been growing in me at the time that I, personally, was in a rut and needed an injection of intellectual stimulation from new sources to continue to be productive.

Stanley Schachter Elliot Aronson. May 8, New York City.

Leon Festinger – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

Animal testing Archival research Behavior epigenetics Case study Content analysis Experiments Human subject research Interviews Neuroimaging Observation Psychophysics Qualitative research Quantitative research D inventory Statistical surveys. Yet, this endeavor “started as almost an accident” [26] while Festinger was conducting a study on the impact of architectural and ecological factors on student housing satisfaction for the university.

Publicado el 24 abril Temas: To use Festinger’s example of a smoker who has knowledge that smoking is bad for his health, the smoker may reduce dissonance by choosing to quit smoking, by changing his thoughts about the effects of smoking e.