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Atrophic glossitis is a condition characterised by absence of filiform or fungiform papillae on the dorsal surface of the tongue. Consequently, the. Strawberry tongue, initially pale with red spots, changing to bright red after a Characterised by areas of depapillation; Area migrates with time. Download scientific diagram | Depapillation of the tongue. from publication: Arresting rampant dental caries with silver diamine fluoride in a young teenager.

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In case of a negative anamnesis, it is fundamental to verify if the AG changes during the hours after the first observation in order to reject the hypothesis of a geographic tongue chapter 3. Oral stigmatic lesions of gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD. Syphilis is now relatively rare, but the tertiary stage can cause diffuse glossitis and atrophy of lingual papillae, termed “syphilitic glossitis”, [1] “luetic glossitis” or “atrophic glossitis of tertiary syphilis”.

It carries oxygen in the hemoglobin, in the myoglobin and is also involved in several enzymatic reactions. Periapical, mandibular and maxillary hard tissues — Bones of jaws Agnathia Alveolar osteitis Buccal exostosis Cherubism Idiopathic osteosclerosis Mandibular fracture Microgenia Micrognathia Intraosseous cysts Odontogenic: Metformin and vitamin B12 deficiency: Glossitis may cause the small bumps on the surface of the tongue papillae to disappear.

In fact, specific medicaments can determine a vitamin deficiency that leads to an AG through the mechanisms previously eepapillation. Pharmacovigilance of oral bisphosphonates: Comparison of blood hemoglobin concentration, iron, cobalamin, folic acid and homocysteine in patient with AG with healthy controls Their results showed a statistically significant association among AG and low serum concentration of iron, vitamin B12 and haemoglobin.

Drugs determine an AG through several different mechanisms. Among these kind of aetiological factors are alcohol abuse, traumas and drug collateral effects. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Some consider geographic tongue to be an early stage of fissured tonguesince the two conditions often occur in combination. Throughout the years, numerous factors have been taken into consideration for the aetiology of AG. Among them, ddepapillation erythematous candidiasis determines an atrophic lesion defined as median rhomboid glossitis [ 570 ], while an acute erythematous candidiasis can promote an a specific AG [ 79 ].

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Burket’s oral medicine 11th ed. Candida Albicans Candida albicans C. Oral involvement can tlngue underlying systemic conditions and, in this perspective, the role of clinicians is fundamental.

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Evaluation of the reduction of homocysteine levels in 91 patients with an AG AG healed through supplementation of different vitamins and iron [ 19 ] Wu et al. Treatment of cancer and autoimmune diseases. For mild cases, topical applications such as a prednisone mouth rinse that is not swallowed may be recommended to avoid the side effects of swallowed or injected corticosteroids.

For these reasons, knowledge of oral depapillatuon and their aetiology is important, requiring a continuous professional education as well as interaction with other medical specialists when necessary. Among tongue diseases, AG has the most complex differential diagnosis, because it is associated with several conditions. InGall-Troselj et al.

Everything You Need to Know About Glossitis

Normochromic normocytic anemia Vitamin B3 Niacin meat, beer yeast, cereals It is involved particularly in the DNA repair process, in the production of steroid hormones and is necessary for cellular oxidation-reduction reactions.

Their results demonstrated a statistically significant association between AG and deficiency of vitamin E, considered as another nutrient responsible for the development of AG. Oral mucosal lesions in older people: There are enough evidence making the correlation between CD and oral defects scientifically sustainable. Concomitant colonization of helicobacter pylori in dental plaque and gastric biopsy. These patches give the tongue the appearance of a map, hence the name.

Treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain. Serum concentration of iron, vitamin B12, folic acid and homocysteine was quantified in the blood samples of depaplllation cases. It is involved particularly in the DNA repair process, in the production of steroid hormones and is necessary for cellular oxidation-reduction reactions.

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Curcumin and folic acid abrogated methotrexate induced vascular endothelial dysfunction.

Glossary Definitions

Prognostic evaluation of oral tongue cancer: Candida species are involved in median rhomboid glossitis. The presence of a candidiasis is not necessarily the diagnostic answer, because the AG can easily be infected by both local and systemic conditions. Gastrointestinal disorders determining malabsorption.

Nutritional correlates depwpillation atrophic glossitis: A possible correlation with mucositis? Table 2 Nutrients associated with the determination of an AG. Alcohol determined a cytotoxic effect, with atrophy of the oral mucosa followed by an hyper-regeneration. Specific oral lesions have been associated with this pathology. Association of vitamin B12 deficiency and metformin use in patients with type 2 diabetes. An oral medicine expert can be the first to observe the lingual status, and should be familiar with the different diagnoses of these conditions, for example being able to link lingual abnormalities with specific etiologic causes.

Insulitis Hypophysitis Thyroiditis Parathyroiditis Adrenalitis. Results showed statistically significant differences in the iron and cobalamin concentrations between the two study groups, while no differences were identified for the other two nutrients [ 9 ] Demir N et al. Unfortunately, while drug interactions are almost always detectable with anamnesis, nutritional deficiencies can be tongie to various and different systemic conditions, and sometimes the etiological factor may be difficult to identify.

Consequently, the ordinary tonggue and appearance of the dorsal tongue, determined by papillary protrusion, turns tonyue a soft and smooth aspect.

This recognition should lead dentists to play more significant roles in screening for CD, as otherwise, if not properly diagnosed and not treated with a gluten-free diet, may eventually cause some malignancies.

Methodology A literature search was done to identify all reports specifically regarding a condition of atrophy of the papillae of the tongue, regardless of their publication status.