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Hattox, Ralph S. Coffee and Coffeehouses: The Origins of a Social Beverage in the Medieval Near East. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. Coffee and Coffeehouses has 70 ratings and 11 reviews. J.M. said: Not so much a history of coffee and its public institutions, as a look at how something. Coffee and Coffeehouses: The Origins of a Social Beverage in the Medieval Near East. Front Cover. Ralph S Hattox. University of Washington Press,

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Coffee and Coffeehouses

In the first version, the word qahwa seems to have already be- come synonymous with bunn, that is to say with the fruit of the specific plant, or with preparations made from it: How these incompatibilities arose cpffeehouses only detain us for a short time. From all accounts, sugar was seldom if ever used, while milk was almost never added.

Thanks also go to Cofeehouses Edelman of the Department of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton for her support during much of the writing of the dissertation on which this book is based. A century and a half later, Katib Qelebi confirmed this practice: Or perhaps it had become so generally familiar to those in the Yemen that coffeegouses any traveler from there might have known hattod it and used cpffee.

Certain prescribed swaying of the head, hands, or entire body enhances the almost hypnotic effect, of the chants. At the same time, its supporters almost always feel con- strained to warn that there are those for whom excessive amounts of coffee could be harmful, though they would also argue that the bodily frailties of a few should not dic- tate the proscription of something to the majority.

It is a serious treatise, which presents a thorough critique of sixteenth-century Arab writers who published discourses on the history of the subject.

While it would perhaps be unjust to characterize the Yemen as a backwater, nonetheless it would be safe to say that it was not exactly at the center of the late medieval Islamic world, figuratively or literally.

Project MUSE – Coffee and Coffeehouses

When they wish to drink coffee, they take a specially made kettle called an ibrik, and having filled it with water put it on to boil. Aside from those things that fit into their narrow defini- tion of khamrany beverage, alcoholic or not, is allowed. As Hattox explains from a digest of Arabic literary traditions, the coffee bush itself was brought to Yemen from Ethiopia. Part of his business, it seems, was to strip Shams al-Dln of his coffeeehouses functions and privileges, and to have him carried adn to Cairo.


Published October 1st by University of Washington Press.

Coffee and Coffeehouses / Ralph S. Hattox

In the semiofficial class of legal scholars and judges, a gaping rift appeared between the fanatical opponents of the drink and its some- times equally fanatical supporters. In particular there is a certain remoteness about the mountainous areas of the land, the areas where the cultivation of coffee was most likely to have met with success. Kopi dijadikan sebab orang mula bicara tentang politik, tentang kebebasan, seni, kebahagiaan dan paling akhir ialah tentang tuhan.

The introduc- tion of coffee, if not the work of DhabhanT himself, was at least contemporaneous with his adult life.

One should remember that a fatwah is not a formal edict of the state. Actually, what we know of the physical layout, activities, and clien- tele of the tavern is scanty — perhaps our best sources are the very accounts that deal with coffee, which describe the activities in coffeehouses in terms of those of the tavern. By now it should be clear that drunkenness is the key to almost all laws concerning beverages.

One did not simply toss off a quick cup for a jolt before the dhikr and get on with it. Drawing on cofffee accounts of cofffeehouses European travelers, original Arabic sources on jurisprudence and etiquette, and treatises on coffee from the period, the author recounts the colorful early history of the spread of coffee and the influence of coffeehouses in the medieval Near East. Diana rated it really liked it Apr 05, The political activities that became an important part: The Rise of the Coffeehouse In the sixteenth century, coffee came to enjoy consider- able influence on a number of spheres of urban life in the Near East.

These gen- erally fall into two categories determined by size and clien- tele: He depicts them as acting under coercion: One drinks coffee with the name of the Lord on his lips, and stays awake, while the person who seeks wanton delight in intoxicants disregards the Lord, and gets drunk.


It is no wonder that among the claims made by its first en- emies was that it had an intoxicating effect, since its mind-altering properties were precisely its major attrac- tion. Eventually a young man, identified later in the manuscript as one Beyzade Muhammad, went to these quacks seeking relief from his melancholia and lethargy.

Books by Ralph S. No states rose or fell as a consequence of the introduction of coffee, no cities were put under siege, no populations put to the sword, nobody of any great importance ever lost his head in the largely verbal confrontation.

This is a fascinating book on the rise of coffee in the Middle East and its public acceptance and consumption, as reflected in the parallel emergence of coffee houses, that comes with an interesting twist. ShadhilT, as we are told, made the invigorating potion qahwa from the leaves of the qdt shrub, which, by all acounts, is a particularly ef- fective stimulant.

Their principle, that all things that produce intoxication are prohibited, obviously admits a number of substances that are not strictly speak- ing wine. To accomplish this, Hattox faces two interrelated challenges: For one thing, the use of coffee is still subsidiary to the dhikr as a whole; the dhikr is coffeehoues held for the purpose of drinking coffee, and that act forms a part, but only a part, of the whole ceremony.

Full text of “Coffee And Coffeehouses”

Social Norms, Social Symbols Appendix: To demonstrate how ex- tension and limitation were often applied to the same ques- tion, we hattix look no further than the subject at hand — beverage laws. None of the sources makes any men- tion of special considerations ccoffeehouses the water used. Nonetheless, while this sort of coffee ceremony is ob- viously of great social importance, the development of The Rise of the Coffeehouse 75 the coffeehouse must be seen as an entirely different phe- nomenon, involving a quite separate cast of characters.