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دراسة في طبيعة المجتمع العراقي A Study of the Nature of Iraqi Society. by علي الوردي Ali al Wardi · Paperback. $$ In stock on August 28, Books shelved as ali-alwardi: خوارق اللاشعور by علي الوردي, شخصية الفرد العراقي by علي الوردي, مهزلة العقل البشري by علي الوردي, منطق ابن خلدون by علي ال. Ali al-Wardi is the author of Social Glimpses of Modern Iraqi History ( avg rating, 4 ratings, 0 reviews, published ) Ali al-Wardi’s books. Ali al-Wardi.

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The fundamental changes brought about by modernity, such as freedom, progress and rationalism, which gave rise to freedom of thinking, self-expression and civil society, emanate from the belief that human beings and the human mind — the maker of history and its object at the same time — are the source of its excellence and uniqueness.

Retrieved from ” https: He believed that the human mind, due to the environment, values, traditions, beliefs and interests that Man grows up with, is rather biased by nature, and these factors influence his thinking.

It is also not a pure, innocent or static tool that receives data like a computer; it is a mental activity made up of knowledge systems and their actual implementation. The mind is relative in time and space, and necessarily acquires its particular characteristics in proportion to the amount of knowledge it produces about the world, and in proportion to the amount of knowledge it generates.

Freud said that this was not just a superficial phenomenon. He also levelled criticism at the upper classes. Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Learn more about Amazon Prime.

Ali Al-Wardi and his critique of the human mind. By Ibrahim Al-Haidari * – Iraqi Economists Network

He believed that the human mind is distinctive by nature. One of the negative aspects of rationalism is that it is also a product of the prevailing social culture in which human beings are reared, and through which their mental abilities develop.

The Shia agreed with them on that aspect. alwafdi

AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. This mental framework is drawn from society that imposes on the human being a specific set of social and cultural rules and values; if anyone violates these rules and values, feelings of aggression are generated because of the deeply embedded believe that truth and justice is on its side.


Al-Wardi discovered that Ibn Khaldoun was the only thinker alwxrdi rebel against this idealistic way of thinking prevalent in Islam. Although his peers did not understand him at the time, he tried to dismantle Aristotelian logic and build a new one, based on changing social realities. Aristotelian logic is linked to the old traditional methods of thought and demonstration.

Most wars and conflicts among people are an outcome of the mental framework that restricts the human mind and keeps it captive. During that time he used to spend his summers in the United Kingdom learning English in available institutes.

ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. The problem alwxrdi the formal logic is that its syllogism usually relies on axiomatic prerequisites deemed beyond doubt, and therefore needs no proof. They also thought that they could reform people by preaching, delivering speeches and giving advice; that they lived in ivory towers and had an idealistic view of society. Ibn Khaldoun believed that the problematic of the formal method was linked to the way of thinking which says that there are fixed intuitive bases in thought, or aoi there are constants on which formal logic is based, i.

If we accept that the fanaticism of the mind changes in step with the changing boos and social environment, then Al-Wardi failed to realize that the human mind can change in tandem with social change and development, since society is in flux rather than static in time and space.

As for the worlds of astronomy, nuclear physics, the spirit and others, they are not among the instruments and standards that we are familiar with in our limited lives; we are entering a new era that has no place boosk axioms or general parameters.

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For Al-Wardi, the old misguided logic, based on the premise that Man adopts his beliefs through his own free will, and reaches his decision through thought and vision, is a mistake that often leads to injustice, and it is unfair, for this reason, to punish people for beliefs instilled in them during their social upbringing. Only 1 left in stock – order soon. Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. It is from this perspective that Al-Wardi severely criticized the religious figures who used the old formal logic to justify their opinions.

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Much had been written on the subject, including some contradictory statements. The reason is that Man is first guided by the deeper or unconscious mind, before the discerning mind intervenes to justify his actions.

Ali Al-Wardi

It is high time for us to stage a coup in the way we think. Views Read Edit View history. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Moreover, qli fettered and biased mind pushes people towards conflict. Rather, he castigates the religious clergy who, through dressing up in religious garb, instrumentalize religion as a tool for their own ends. Get to Know Us. He later was appointed as a teacher in many elementary and high schools across Iraq, before winning a scholarship to the American University of Beirut where he received his Bachelor’s degree in Al-Wardi compares the unconscious power that constrains the mind to the atmospheric pressure whose considerable weight aowardi bear, without our being aware of it, except if we move to a location with a different atmospheric alwxrdi.

If motives are internal mental states that regulate behaviour and give it meaning, then the rationality of a certain act could be ascertained in light of the motive that lies behind it, and offers an explanation for it.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Although Al-Wardi lived in a period rife with ideological struggles, whether Islamic, nationalist or socialist, he managed to remain neutral, maintain his intellectual independence and be a courageous and alwadi critic of various social phenomena associated with all that is backward, sacred and taboo, and to all that is familiar to the mind.

Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. This theory demolished the logical principle that classified people bookks two opposing types; one good with no inherit evil, and the other bad with no inherit good.

Man calls for the truth only when he is in harmony with his ego, which is what Al-Wardi believed people should keep in mind when dealing with others.